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The Heath-Newark-Licking County Port Authority doesn't own an airport and will never have a deep water port. So what is a port authority anyway? Here's answers to some frequently asked questions.

Q:What is a port authority?
Q:What do port authorities do?
Q:What can a port authority do that other government entities cannot?
Q:Do port authorities receive government subsidy?
Q:Are port authorities exempt from taxes?
Q:Who oversees port authorities?

Q: What is a port authority?
A: In Ohio, port authorities are government entities created by political subdivisions under
Ohio Revised Code Section 4582.

In the case of the Heath-Newark-Licking County Port Authority, the port authority is jointly formed by two municipalites and a county.

Q: What do port authorities do?
A: Ohio law provides for port authorities to construct facilities, issue bonds, make loans, and sell or buy real and personal property. Port authorities also possess many powers similar to other local governments in Ohio.

In Ohio, port authorities' functions include operating airports, river ports, and lake ports; owning railroad lines; developing industrial and commercial property; owning and operating special facilities including a former Air Force base, a downtown theater, and parks; managing foreign trade zones; serving as sources of bond financing for intergovernmental, civic, non-profit, and commercial development projects; and administering community and economic development programs. In other states, port authorities run the gamut from those that own high-rise office towers to those that operate mass transit systems.

Q: What can a port authority do that other government entities cannot?
A: One key function a port authority can perform that a city cannot is the sale and lease of publicly-owned property. In most cases, municipalities and counties must sell or lease through public bid. Port authorities are specifically exempted from this requirement and can be a conduit for sale of excess government property for the benefit of economic development. Port authorities are also able to perform functions across jurisdictions, thus serving as a conduit for intergovernmental agreements and functions.

Q: Do port authorities receive government subsidy?
A: Some port authorities do receive subsidy, though many do not. Port authorities are able to receive an appropriation and expend public funds. Many port authorities are supported by fees or leases on port authority facilities. Ohio law permits port authorities to levy a property tax when voted in by the voters within the port authority's jurisdiction.

The Heath-Newark-Licking County Port Authority receives no taxpayer subsidy. It's main sources of revenue are commercial leases and property sales. This fact distinguishes the Port Authority as Ohio's largest self-supported port authority.

Q: Are port authorities exempt from taxes?
A: Like other governmental entities, port authority net incomes and port authority property used for government functions are tax exempt. However, facilities leased for commercial purposes are fully taxable.

The Heath-Newark-Licking County Port Authority has paid $3.5 million in local property taxes since its founding. Combined, the tenants of the Central Ohio Aerospace and Technology Center make up the largest taxpayer in the City of Heath and ranks among the largest in all of Licking County with an estimated $1.6 million in local and school taxes paid in 2018.

Q: Who oversees port authorities?
A: Port authorities fall under a variety of checks and balances. For one, the political subdivisions that create the port authorities are responsible for appointing the board members of the port authority and have the power to change a port authority's charter. Additionally, the Auditor of State is responsible for auditing port authorities and publishing audit findings every two years. Finally, the records of port authorities are treated as public records (except certain confidential business data) and port authority board meetings are made open to the public under Ohio's open meetings act.

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